Verzasca FOTO Festival Awards 2017
Emanuele Amighetti Amighetti
Unrecognised nation, forgotten war
“All men and women of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic are part of the army, but we cannot say how many soldiers are now operative over the frontline” explains me an official from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Stepanakert. Almost one year after the April War a supposed-to-be ordinary life is going on among villages and streets of the Armenia-backed unrecognised nation. All the aspiring republic’s inhabitants clearly remember the destructive violence of the decades-old conflict. Some of them aspire for a resolution. They believe in a better future to live for the next generations.
The conflict started in 1988 and escalated into full-scale war when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Armenians went to war with Azerbaijan, with backing from Armenia. The conflict left 65,000 ethnic Armenians and 40,000 ethnic Azeris displaced. While a cease-fire was declared in May 1994 and the violence abated, soldiers are still engaged in defending their positions over the frontline and required training in military bases. Final negotiations are taking place in Moscow but the ceasefire is regularly broken with casualties on both sides. Few days before I was there one of the Artsakh young soldiers was shot by Azeri snipers and injured. Transferred to the hospital in Yerevan, his life is still on risk.
Clashes between the Azerbaijani and ethnic Armenian forces over the breakaway enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh last year were the worst violence the region has seen since the ethnic war over the territory ended in 1994. Azerbaijan boasted of “destroying” 170 opposing troops, while sources from the Armenian Karabakhi forces estimated they had killed 300 Azeri soldiers.
In the village of Talish, Azeris forces entered houses killing four old-men. Their ears were brutally cut off. Traces of those raids are still visible walking through bombed-out houses, shops and destroyed schools. Locals were transferred to near villages, where they found relatives and neighbours. The border territory is now full of military camps and bases proving how military life is not over.
In Stepanakert, the capital, a military academy substituted the traditional high-school. Male and female teenagers aged 13-18 are learning maths, history and english after physical exercises and marches. Unemployment is high, salaries are low, opportunities are few; the young continue to leave in search of better futures abroad. When Artsakh men reach 18 years-old they are whisked away for two years of military national service. That’s what it means living in a region stalked by conflict: security measures trump most other considerations.